Dr. Greg Jorgensen
(505) 891-9440
1401 Barbara Loop SE
Rio Rancho, NM 87124

The Jorgensen Orthodontics Blog

When Do I Get My Braces Off?

Posted by Dr. Jorgensen on May 19th, 2013

Woman ShruggingThe most common question I get as an orthodontist is “When do I get my braces off?” Although treatment is different for every patient, there are some basic objectives and steps of treatment that are similar for the majority of patients. If you have braces and want to know how you are progressing, read on…

In my office there are three distinct phases of treatment through which every patient must pass. Although their order may be switched or there may be some overlap between them, the three phases include resolving the crowding/spacing, aligning the teeth, and correcting the bite.

In the first phase, crowding is corrected by expanding the arches or by removing teeth. Teeth cannot be aligned if there is not enough room. The decision to expand or extract is determined by a number of variables including the size of the teeth and jaws, the amount of bone and gum tissue supporting the roots, and the profile. The first step is to create room so that the teeth can be aligned. If a patient has extra space at the start of treatment, that space must be closed during this step.

Once there is room, the second step is to align or straighten the teeth. Aligning the arches is accomplished using wires, elastic chains, springs, and other auxiliaries (“gadgets”) that rotate, tip, and torque the teeth into their desired positions. Another common step in the alignment process is “repositioning” individual brackets. Sometimes brackets cannot be put in the right place on the first day because of the bite, the alignment, or the shape of the teeth. After the teeth have been partially aligned however, the brackets can then be moved to better positions.

The third phase of treatment is correcting the bite or making the upper teeth fit the lower ones. This must be accomplished in all three planes of space, front to back (overbite or underbite), side to side (crossbites), as well as top to bottom (open bite or deep bite). Making the upper match the lower is accomplished with wires, rubber bands, springs, or surgery. When the bite is right, the backs of the top teeth rest lightly on the fronts of the bottom ones. (There are also some specific functional relationships that must be “just so” at the end of treatment, but the specifics are beyond the scope of this article.)

The “When do I get my braces off?” question usually arises during the third or “bite phase” of treatment. By that time the crowded, crooked teeth are gone and the patient is generally happy with how things look. Admittedly, the first half of treatment is more exciting than the last half. It is during the final phase however where the bite is corrected so that the results will be healthy and stable.

If you are wondering if you’re getting close to getting your braces off, compare what you see in your mouth with this list:

1. Are the teeth straight?
2. Are the spaces between the teeth closed completely?
3. Do the upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth appropriately (not too deep, but no visible space between them)?
4. Are the outer cusps of the upper teeth resting on the outside of the corresponding ones in the lower?
5. Is the overbite or underbite corrected?

If it is obvious that your teeth are still crooked, have spaces between them, or you still have a deep bite or overbite, you probably still have some time remaining. If your treatment time is longer that was originally estimated, check out another article I wrote about that at http://www.gregjorgensen.com/blog/2012/03/three-reasons-your-orthodontic-braces-are-still-on/. If you have specific questions about your smile, ask your orthodontist to explain what objectives remain in your treatment. If he or she is conscientious, your braces will come off when the best result is achieved and not before. Good luck!

NOTE: The author, Dr. Greg Jorgensen, is a board-certified orthodontist who is in the private practice of orthodontics in Rio Rancho, New Mexico (a suburb on the westside of Albuquerque). He was trained at BYU, Washington University in St. Louis, and the University of Iowa in the United States. Dr. Jorgensen’s 25 years of specialty practice and 10,000 finished cases qualify him an expert in two-phase treatment, extraction and non-extraction therapy, functional orthodontics, clear aligners (Invisalign), and multiple bracket systems (including conventional braces, Damon and other self-ligating brackets, Suresmile, and lingual braces). This blog for informational purposes only and is designed to help consumers understand currently accepted orthodontic concepts. It is not a venue for debating alternative treatment theories. Dr. Jorgensen is licensed to diagnose and treat patients only in the state of New Mexico. He cannot diagnose cases described in comments nor can he select treatment plans for readers. Because he has over 25,000 readers each month, it is impossible for him respond to all questions. Please read all of the comments associated with each article as most of the questions he receives each week have been asked and answered previously. The opinions expressed here are protected by copyright laws and can only be used with written permission from the author.

320 comments so far in response to “When Do I Get My Braces Off?”

  1. Haylee says:

    I have a figure 8 wrapped around my braces and I’m also wearing rubber bands and my orthodontist keeps on saying that I am almost done with my treatment but she has never gave me a date .

    • Ask again and if she won’t commit, at least have her show you what remains to be accomplished. Once you know that, ask “How long does that usually take to fix if I really wear my rubber bands?” That will give you some idea.

  2. sarah says:

    I have had my braces since march of 2015. I have been told by my orthodontist my teeth are straight and they are fixing my jaw now. I have worn rubber bands since I got my braces and I was told I would have to wear springs instead of rubber bands to correct my jaw because rubber bands wouldn’t fix it and I would not have to wear rubber bands once the springs come off. The last appointment I had, I was told they would be taking the springs off and giving me rubber bands. I don’t understand why they wasted my time putting the springs in if it would mess up my bite and cause me to have to wear rubber bands.

    • Springs have side effects that usually require rubber band wear again after the overbite is corrected. There is nothing wrong with what you’ve told me except some miscommunication. Good luck finishing up!

  3. Sarah says:

    Hello! I have had braces on for nearly a year now and my teeth are completely straight (my orthodontist told me so at my last appointment) and I am wearing the thickest/last wire. My bite is an over bite, but my teeth do not come fully down to where they should be, but there is very little space, if any, between my top and bottom teeth. How much longer would you estimate me having them on for, if you have an idea? I am just too nervous to ask my orthodontist.

  4. Anai Vega says:

    Hello. I have had my braces on for one and a half years. Before I began treatment my orthodontist told me I would have my braces between two and a half to three years however at my last appointment I was told It’s expected I will get them off by March. This surprised me because I thought I wasn’t even close to done. Why is it that I am going to get them off so early?

  5. Natalie says:

    whats the average duration for the braces to be removed?

  6. Eli says:

    I’ve had my braces for about six months now. My bite has been corrected and the spaces are almost completely gone. When I asked about how the treatment was going, they said I still had about two and a half years left. That just doesn’t seem right. Can someone please explain this?

    • Only your orthodontist who can see you in person can explain what remains to be completed in your treatment. I would ask him to show you why you still have so much time left.

Leave a Comment

Back to Top

Your account login
Your rewards
Schedule an appointment with our talented orthodontist online